City walls and towers
Dubrovnik’s city walls were built in the 13th century. They are 1,970 metres long and allow you to walk around the entire perimeter of the Old Town center. The walls also incorporate several towers: Minčeta Tower to the north, Bokar Tower to the west, Sveti Ivan (St. John) Tower to the southeast, Fort Revelin to the east and Fort Lovrijenac on the crag outside the walls. The stroll, offering a splendid view of the open sea, the island of Lokrum and the Elaphiti Islands, takes about two hours, with the adventure starting on the west side of Stradun where the entrance is located.
The main street in the Old Town is an interesting attraction accessed from the west through the Pile Gate and from the east by the Ploče Gate. From the very entrance, visitors will come across a number of impressive monuments such as the Onofrio fountains and Orlando’s column as well as a bevy of bars, restaurants and municipal events.
The fort is located outside the city walls on a 37-metre high crag and is considered a symbol of the liberty of Dubrovnik. It is frequently referred to as the ”Gibraltar of Dubrovnik.” There is the inscription at the entrance ”Non bene pro toto libertas venditur auro” (Liberty is not sold for all the treasures of the world). In the summer, Fort Lovrijenac is the stage for many theatre plays during the Dubrovnik Summer Games.
This Jewish temple in the city is also a museum and it is considered to be the oldest Sephardic synagogue in the world. The synagogue was built in the 15th century and features exhibits dating from the 16th to 18th century.
Dubrovnik’s best-known church is the one dedicated to St. Blaise (Sveti Vlaho), the city’s patron saint, standing on Luža Square at the site of an older Romanesque church dedicated to the same saint. The church survived powerful earthquakes, fires and Yugoslav Army shelling during the Homeland War. The feast day of St. Blaise is celebrated every year in February, closing with a mass in the church.
The Church of the Holy Salvation (Sveti Spas), the Church of the Assumption of Mary and the Church of St. Dominic are traditional sacral edifices in Dubrovnik offering a unique window into the city’s history and architecture.
Mount Srđ rises to the north of Dubrovnik. Its peak is at 413 metres above sea level with Fort Imperial, home to a Homeland War memorial museum. All sorts of weaponry used in the attack launched from this site against Dubrovnik are shown in photographs and video documentation.There is a beautiful panorama overlooking the entire town, the open sea and the islands. Since 2010, the most interesting way to get to the top of Srđ has been to take the renovated cable car—in just a few minutes you can enjoy the amazing view and a coffee or other refreshment on the terrace: take your time to enjoy the unique panorama and the cool breeze.